Naples 1615 – 1673 Rome
Salvator Rosa was one of the boldest and most powerfully imaginative Italian artists of the seventeenth century. Known as ‘savage Rosa’, he was a precursor of Romanticism and a painter of wild landscapes, where bandits and hermits lurk among shattered trees and rocks. He also painted dramatic self-portraits, bizarre scenes of witchcraft, philosophers and lyrical female allegories. Rosa was born near Naples where he embarked upon a career as a painter under the tutelage of the Riberesque artist Francesco Francanzano (1612–56). He then worked with Aniello Falcone (1600–65), a specialist in battle-scenes, a genre in which Rosa would also excel. His biographer records that Rosa would go out into the country with Falcone and sketch scenes from nature in oils on paper, making him one of the earliest exponents of the plein-air sketch.
In the 1630s, Rosa spent time in Rome, where he established a name for himself, however in 1640 he accepted the invitation of Giovanni Carlo de’ Medici to move to Florence. It was probably while in Florence that Rosa painted an extraordinary series of paintings devoted to witchcraft and Satanism. Here he remained for the next decade before returning to Rome, where he remained for the rest of his life. His works from the 1650s were initially landscapes in the heroic vein of Domenichino and Poussin but became increasingly wild and preoccupied with the “horrid beauty” of nature. In Rome, Rosa quarreled with the establishment and in particular the sculptor Bernini (1598–1680). An etcher, poet and playwright as well as a painter Salvator Rosa cultivated the image of an intemperate, difficult artist. He had no followers, though his works were replicated and such was his success that he had, by his death, amassed a considerable fortune.
Top Auction Results for Salvator Rosa
Portrait of the artist in a brown doublet
Sold for £769,250 ($1,163,965)
London, Christie’s, 6 July 2010, Old Master & 19th Century Paintings, Drawings & Watercolours Evening, lot 6
Portrait of the artist
Sold for £400,000 ($702,370)
London, Christie’s, 15 April 1992, Important and Fine Old Master Pictures, lot 45
Une allégorie de la Peinture
Sold for €371,250 ($460,607)
Paris, Christie’s, 17 December 2003, Dessins Anciens de l'Ancienne Collection du Marquis de Calvière, lot 15